Visit Greece | Rhodes

Rhodes History Greece

Rhodes / May 12, 2022

Ancient Rhodes by Frantisek Kupka (Tony Hisgett)Loyalty to Sparta ended in 395 BCE when democracy was established on the island. Briefly a member of the Second Athenian Confederacy in c. 378 BCE, the island became subject to the Carian satrap Mausolus who stationed a garrison on the island in 357 BCE. The next foreign power to impose itself was Alexander the Great, who established a Macedonian garrison on the island; however, under his successors Rhodes enjoyed another period of prosperity due to its five harbours and position near the newly established cities of the eastern Mediterranean. Demetrius I of Macedon attempted to take the island in c. 305 BCE but was ultimately unsuccessful after a year-long siege. The entrepreneurial Rhodians sold Demetrius’ siege equipment and used the proceeds to build a massive 32 metre high bronze statue of their patron god Helios - the Colossus of Rhodes and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The statue, sculpted by Chares, a native of the island from Lindus, stood at the harbour entrance but was unfortunately toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE.

The island remained independent and cultivated trade links, in particular, with the Ptolemies of Egypt. In addition, the naval fleet of Rhodes took on the important role of policing the Aegean against piracy, a problem of particular concern as islands such as Carpathos and Nisyros and the Peraea (an area of the eastern mainland) were now under the control of Rhodes.

Colossus of RhodesRhodes became an ally of Rome in the wars against Phillip V and Antiochus III and received as thanks territory in Caria and Lycia. However, not all Rhodians supported friendly relations with Rome and the alliance was not always a peaceful one. Things took a turn for the worse when Rhodes’ dominant trade position was compromised by the Roman decision to make Delos, in the Cyclades, a free port in 167 BCE. Besieged by Mithradates VI in 88 BCE and sacked by Cassius Longinus in 43 BCE, the role of Rhodes as a major political force came to an end. However, the island did still enjoy a certain economic prosperity and it continued to hold a reputation as an important cultural centre, notably in sculpture and philosophy (especially the Stoics). Cicero also studied on Rhodes, continuing the island’s literary tradition begun by one of its most famous sons, the writer and poet, Apollonius Rhodius.

The Archaeological Sites

Rhodes town, although extensively built upon in later periods, still shows the remains of temples, city walls, a stadium, odeum, and harbour constructions. Camirus never had a fortified acropolis; nevertheless, excavations have revealed a temple to Athena, stoas, an agora, and extensive private housing remains. Ialysus displays Mycenaean tombs, temples to Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus, and a fountain house.
Perhaps the most important archaeological site on the island is at Lindus, the capital before it was moved to Rhodes c. 408 BCE. A temple to Athena Lindia was built on the acropolis of the town, according to tradition, by Danaos in 1510 BCE. This was replaced with a new Doric temple in the 6th century BCE in the reign of the tyrant Cleoboulos. After this temple was destroyed by fire, another temple was rebuilt in 342 BCE. A large propylon or gate and a monumental stairway were added to the sacred site c. 300 BCE. In the 2nd century BCE a Hellenistic stoa was constructed. Also of interest are the remains of the theatre which originally had 26 rows of seats and a capacity for some 18, 000 spectators, a temple to Dionysos, and rock-cut tombs. All of these monuments are testimony to the wealth and prestige once enjoyed by the island from its role as a trade hub in the eastern Mediterranean..

selfmade entertainment centers selfmade object selfmade 3d cam selfmade ppsh granola selfmade tattoos by selfmade in colorado springs co ginger selfmade creampie famous indian desi couple selfmade scandals jasnine selfmade linkedin da da selfmade bryant/facebook selfmade artinya selfmade cannabis galoremag selfmade selfmade kash publix selfmade on twitter selfmade man mike dillard brian schecter selfmade selfmade on netflix selfmade is it legit selfmade kash lesson not a lost tractor selfmade fucking machine dildo selfmade selfmade scottsdale selfmade object granny selfmade solo best cover photos for facebook selfmade tf2 selfmade items jam selfmade danniel selfmade keep me hanging on kim wilde 7am version zippyshare *selfmade selfmade experts: rieke edelhoff on the berliner zoo selfmade reese glass selfmade object lawns selfmade design images student selfmade study guide selfmade apron patterns selfmade lyric selfmade hustle decal selfmade cmo changmo selfmade orange zippyshare self made objects youtube yoghurt selfmade how to get a selfmade mishap mercanary selfmade girl traduzione selfmade object selfmade object selfmade billionaires woman selfmade condesended milk small tits and tight ass selfmade home selfmade toungesplit free mature selfmade selfmade internship questions at home selfmade tumblur how to cancel selfmade selfmade trend selfmade mot selfmade off road vehicles changmo selfmade orange selfmade 4 selfmade orange 가사집 hannah selfmade *selfmade selfmade object selfmade object youtube cheese selfmade selfmade balck powder pistols selfmade customer experience team lead danniel selfmade liberty pool zippyshare selfmade matt turck selfmade man black fairy costume selfmade self-made object copywriter at selfmade anastasia beverly hills selfmade palette our greatest pains are selfmade selfmade vol. 1 zippyshare selfmade granny videos iphone x how to set selfmade ringtone ko drops selfmade jobs at selfmade why keliy jenner isnt selfmade selfmade man selfmade define selfmade erotic video selfmade christmas preents selfmade protein bar peanut butter selfmade supply.big cartel bretzel selfmade selfmade instagram company reviews 100% selfmade wealthiest selfmade man selfmade social media campaign coordinator linkedin jonathan woods selfmade kash ambush danniel selfmade zippyshare elon musk - biography of a selfmade billionaire selfmade entrepenerurs selfmade selfmade billionaires industry is abigail johnson selfmade selfmade entrepenerurs selfmade object selfmade cave selfmade bed stacy selfmade selfmade orange instrumental actual selfmade selfmade garden sticks contact selfmade selfmade morality how to get rid of a selfmade bump on your faace indian selfmade clips cleopatra costume selfmade toddler spielzeug selfmade how is renata selfmade self made objects patricia nygaard selfmade white truffle selfmade selfmade calender 2017 author who made books about selfmade men selfmade on android selfmade object #selfmade thumbtack selfmade videos selfmade millionare pic selfmade chola online pedigree 50 most richest women selfmade house wives selfmade tumbler jeff bezos selfmade billionaire selfmade rappers selfmade disco licht things to go under a resume for a selfmade business selfmade object selfmade fnc disadvantages to being a male in selfmade man selfmade diaper selfmade object forbes 400 selfmade inky selfmade pedro silva danniel selfmade panspermia zippyshare almond butter selfmade glassdoor.com selfmade selfmade wanderlust selfmade social media pendants chains selfmade selfmade object how do i get out of my selfmade contract real selfmade hazelnut coffee selfmade selfmade i don't ole a motherfucker shit selfmade baseball printing selfmade stationery cards at printing companys selfmade flame selfmade nyc jobs selfmade man selfmade valuation selfmade similar words christmas cards selfmade selfmade content writer austin selfmade motorsports, inc., davie, fl harry potter selfmade selfmade joins fnatic selfmade strategy and operations selfmade creations colorado springs plastic rocket selfmade kylie jenner selfmade rocket jump selfmade selfmade wooden ring reddit selfmade kapo selfmade dyme twitter selfmade man define otto selfmade selfmade madmen huxley quote selfmade selfmade object self-made object infamous daniel selfmade quote selfmade self-made object selfmade reacts to great gnar ult

Source: www.ancient.eu

LIST OF ATHENS HOTELS